Over Floe

Over Floe

Ontario Place is pleased to present Over Floe, a sculpture installation by Toronto Artist John Notten that will float in the inner lagoon from spring until fall, 2021. An initiative of ArtWorxTO: Toronto’s Year of Public Art 2021-22, it joins numerous other exciting projects across the city.

Icebergs in Toronto?

While not out of place in many more northern parts of the planet, the idea of five icebergs floating into Toronto at Ontario Place is, to say the least, unusual. And yet, here they are, gently floating in an urban setting, refusing to melt under a hot Toronto sun. As you will discover, these are more than just traditional icebergs.

The puzzle of these strange geometric forms is revealed only when experienced from different perspectives. Approaching from one direction, they are simply icebergs. However, each of the five structures reveals a contrary façade: a suburban house, a school, a bank, a factory, and a truck.

Where did they come from? Are they the result of a natural disaster? A flood perhaps, like that caused by Hurricane Hazel back in October of 1954? Or are they a metaphor for the future of a planet ever challenged by a changing climate?

Rising Sea Levels

Global sea levels have been rising since the turn of the 20th century. As a result of human-caused global warming, ice sheets are melting and oceans are expanding. Cities around the world, Toronto included, have drawn from them a multitude of benefits from the bodies of water that surround them. With carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions raising temperatures around the globe, polar ice is melting at an alarming rate causing dramatic changes in weather and increased risks of flooding.

Why Styrofoam?

Over Floe is made almost entirely of Expanded Polystyrene (EPS), commonly known as Styrofoam. Like icebergs, EPS is 95% air, a quality that makes both very buoyant. And both, of course, are typically white in colour. However, the similarities between the two end there.

Styrofoam is an ironic material choice: perhaps the least likely candidate with which to create a chunk of floating ice. Though it may be endlessly useful in packaging and building practices, EPS contributes an enormous amount of waste to our landfills every year, filling up to 30% of landfill space around the world. Because EPS is not biodegradable, it remains buried without decomposition for a very long time. And because it is extremely lightweight, EPS often breaks down and finds its way into the ocean where it represents a major source of harmful pollution.

Using a material so often associated with harm to the environment to offer an environmental warning had to be done with considerable thought and consultation. Rest assured, much care was put into ensuring that Over Floe is safe for the local environment and wildlife in and around Lake Ontario. Like a canoe, it has a durable epoxy coating eliminating any risk to the area in which it floats. Additionally, all of the EPS material for this project was salvaged from a Toronto demolition site and generously donated to the artist by EllisDon Construction eliminating a large quantity of potentially harmful waste that would have otherwise been buried in a landfill. Once the project is complete the EPS will be recycled and repurposed at a specialized facility.

And so, Over Floe offers an opportunity for the viewer to consider connections between this provocative material, the image of floating icebergs, and those of half-submerged iconic institutions.


Salvaged EPS at demolition site. Photo courtesy of the artist.

For more information about the artist, visit HERE #johnnotten
For more information about ArtWorxTO: Year of Public Art 2021-22, visit HERE
For more information about EllisDon’s Sustainability efforts, visit HERE


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COVID-19 Update

With the park open for use, all visitors are asked to respect the following guidelines when you are on our site to help prevent the spread of COVID-19:

  • If you are sick or if you have been in contact with someone that is sick, please do not enter the Ontario Place grounds.
  • Keep a healthy space of 2 metres between you and other park visitors.
  • Please wear a mask if you are unable to keep a physical distance of 2 metres.
  • Group sizes must follow current Covid outdoor gathering guidelines.
  • Dogs must be on leash and dog owners should be careful to maintain a distance of the recommended 2 metres from other dogs and persons.
  • Use garbage receptacles provided to protect workers and to help keep the park clean.

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